Some patients who suffer from Multiple Sclerosis (MS) are still unaware about the reasons that caused them to have such type of disease. Based on studies of several MS patients, Dr. Paulo Zamboni, M.D. (a professor of vascular surgery at the University of Ferrara, Italy) and his colleagues of the Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry have found a new theory that Chronic Cerebrospinal Venous Insufficiency or CCSVI in India is the cause of multiple sclerosis (MS). Dr. Zamboni's theory of chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency defines that how blood drains from the spinal cord and the brain.
Causes of CCSVI in India
Dr. Paulo Zamboni and his colleagues have found that "plumbing problem" in the veins of those patients who are diagnosed with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is the cause of chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency. It is another thing that people who are born with narrow veins, go narrower with the time.
Autoimmune Response to Infection Theory
An autoimmune attack on the valves in the cerebral venous system that arises chronic inflammation and scarring, may be the cause of these malformed veins Some people believe that this could be triggered by any number of viruses or bacteria as there are links between MS, Chlamydia pneumoniae and "neurotropic" viruses like measles, varicella and rubella. A very powerful correlation stays between MS and Epstein Barr Virus (EBV).
Screening for CCSVI in India takes the form of Doppler ultrasound, angiogram( venogram) and evaluation by vascular specialists and neurologists.
Treatment for CCSVI in India takes the form of balloon angioplasties, placement of stents and / or surgical augmentation of the jugular vein. Only the world-class specialists who are very much experienced in treating cardio-thoracic and vascular problems, can perform these procedures.
The step for CCSVI screening in India (done by radiologists and neurologists) thus include the following:
Doppler Ultrasound for CCSVI
Venogram for CCSVI
Magnetic Resonance Venography for CCSVI
MRV for CCSVI
If blockages are found, it results in Liberation treatment for CCSVI
Doppler Ultrasound for CCSVI in India
Patients who are diagnosed with CCSVI must know what is a Doppler ultrasound, so let us discuss about it. Doppler ultrasound is also known as duplex scanning that determines the speed of blood as it flows through a blood vessel. It is used in determining the amount of occlusion or stenosis within the vein.
The Doppler ultrasound for CCSVI can be separated into the following categories:
Pulse-Wave Doppler or PW Doppler